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What are the Requirements for a Fire Pump in Australia?

A Comprehensive Guide to Regulations and Compliance


Fire pumps play a crucial role in protecting property and saving lives in the event of a fire. They provide the necessary water pressure to fire protection systems, ensuring that sprinklers and hoses function effectively. In Australia, fire pumps must comply with a range of legal requirements and standards. This guide will provide an overview of the different types of fire pumps, discuss the specific requirements and regulations, and offer guidance on the selection, installation, and maintenance of fire pumps.

Types of Fire Pumps

There are several types of fire pumps available in the Australian market, including:

  1. Centrifugal Pumps: These are the most common type of fire pump, using a rotating impeller to create water flow. They are suitable for most applications and are relatively easy to maintain.
  2. Vertical Turbine Pumps: These pumps are designed for use in applications where the water source is below the pump, such as in a well or a suction lift situation. They are more complex and require greater maintenance than centrifugal pumps.
  3. Positive Displacement Pumps: These pumps use a fixed volume of water and displace it at a constant rate, providing a steady flow of water. They are typically used in situations where high pressure is required, such as in high-rise buildings.

Each type of pump has its specific advantages and disadvantages, and the choice will depend on the specific application and requirements of the building and fire protection system.

Australian Regulations and Standards

Fire pumps in Australia must comply with several regulations and standards, including:

  • AS 2941-2013: Fixed Fire Protection Installations – Pumpset Systems
  • AS 2118.1-2017: Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems
  • National  Code of Australia (BCA)
  • AS 1851: Service and Maintenance of Fire Protection Equipment

Related standards:

  • AS 2304 – 2019 : Water storage tanks for fire protection systems

  • AS 2118.1 – 2017: Automatic fire sprinkler systems General systems

  • AS 1940 – 2017: The storage and handling of flammable and combustible liquids

  • AS/NZS 3500.1-2018: Plumbing and drainage Water Services

  • AS 2419.1 – 2021: Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning

  • AS/NZS 3000 – 2018 (Unamended Hardcopy + Amendments): Electrical installations (known as the Australian/New Zealand Wiring Rules)

These standards and regulations outline the requirements for the design, installation, and maintenance of fire pump systems. Building owners and managers are responsible for ensuring that their fire pump systems comply with these standards and that they are regularly inspected and maintained.

Design and Installation

When designing and installing a fire pump system, several factors need to be considered, including:

  • The type of building and occupancy.
  • The hazard class of the building.
  • The available water supply.
  • The required pump capacity and pressure.

These factors will influence the selection of the appropriate fire pump and the design of the overall fire protection system. For example, a high-rise building may require a positive displacement pump to provide the necessary pressure for the sprinkler system.

Successful fire pump installations in Australia include the Barangaroo International Towers in Sydney, which utilize a combination of centrifugal and vertical turbine pumps to provide fire protection for the commercial and residential buildings.

Maintenance and Testing

Regular maintenance and testing as per AS 1851, are essential to ensure that fire pumps are functioning correctly and are ready for use in case of an emergency. Maintenance procedures include:

  • Regular visual inspections of the pump and associated equipment
  • Checking for leaks, corrosion, or damage
  • Ensuring that all valves and controls are functioning correctly

Testing procedures include:

  • Starting the pump and checking for proper operation
  • Testing the pump’s capacity and pressure
  • Ensuring that the pump starts automatically when required

These maintenance and testing procedures should be carried out by qualified personnel and in accordance with the relevant Australian Standards.


Fire pumps are a critical component of any fire protection system, and ensuring that they are compliant with Australian regulations and standards is essential for the safety of occupants and property. By understanding the different types of fire pumps, the relevant regulations, and the factors influencing their selection and installation, building owners and managers can ensure that their fire pump systems are up to date and ready for use in case of an emergency.

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