Active Fire protection takes action in order to put out a fire. Passive Fire Protection will help prevent a fire from spreading or resist the initial ignition. They work together by alerting people inside the building of a fire and safely containing the fire so that people may evacuate and/or try to suppress the fire.
Passive fire protection is about containing the fire while active fire protection is about stopping the fire. While the systems work independently, but both systems need to be functioning properly to suppress and stop a fire.
Passive fire protection (PFP) is based on structural fire protection and compartmentation and allows safe exit of occupants out of the building and entrance of fire brigade into the building.
A passive smoke management system, or smoke containment system, incorporates smoke and fire-rated curtains to compartmentalize fire and smoke keeping it out of the paths of egress. Smoke containment curtains can be built right into a building’s design and therefore invisible when not in use.
Some examples of passive fire protection may include dampers – which help to minimise the spread of fire and smoke through the duct system of a building – and fire doors, which act to divide the building into fire proof compartments.
Fire doors are an essential part of a building’s passive fire safety strategy. In a fire they provide compartmentation to prevent fire and smoke spread, assisting in safe evacuation and providing protection to the rest of the building.
A certification listing provides the limitations of the rating. Contrary to active fire protection measures, passive fire protection means do not typically require electric or electronic activation or a degree of motion. … There are mainly two types of PFP: intumescent fire protection and vermiculite fire protection.
Passive Fire Protection (PFP) is an integral component of the three components of structural, fire protection and fire safety in a building. PFP attempts to contain fires or slow down the spread through use of fire–resistant walls, floors and fire rated doors.
Active fire protection systems such as water sprinkler and spray systems are widely used in the process industries for protection of storage vessels, process plant, loading installations and warehouses.
If you would like to know more about passive and active fire systems for your business, you can contact of our passive and active fire protection specialists.
Yours In Fire Safety