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Quick Guide to Fire Pumps and Their Applications

An In-Depth Guide to Fire Pumps Applications and Accessories: Ensuring Safety and Protection

Fire pumps are indispensable components in fire safety and prevention, protecting both lives and valuable assets. These vital elements are the backbone of fire protection systems in many buildings, as they ensure that an adequate pressure is maintained to supply water to sprinkler systems in the event of a fire. Understanding the role and different types of fire pumps can help building owners and facility managers make informed decisions about the most suitable fire protection system for their premises. By investing in a reliable fire pump system and maintaining it properly, one can better safeguard against the potential disasters and damages caused by uncontrolled fires.

Single Electric/Diesel Fire Pump: An Essential Fire Safety Component

The single electric/diesel fire pump is a standalone device that powers an entire fire sprinkler system. It’s a hard-working machine tasked with maintaining minimum pressure in a fire hydrant or sprinkler system. The design is simple: when the standard water pressure drops because of a triggered sprinkler or opened hydrant, the fire pump kicks in to maintain this critical pressure.

These fire pumps run on either electricity or diesel, offering a degree of flexibility in terms of power sources. For locations with a reliable power grid, the electric variant offers a clean and quiet operation. For places where electricity supply may be inconsistent, a diesel-driven pump offers the chance to maintain pressure regardless of power cuts, albeit, with added considerations such as fuel storage and increased noise levels.

Advantages of the single electric/diesel fire pump include their straightforward design, cost-effectiveness, and dependability. However, the reliance on only one source of power could prove a disadvantage if there is any disruptions to that source.

In Australia, as elsewhere, fire pumps should be installed and maintained in line with the relevant regulations. This includes the Australian Standard AS2941-2013 which outlines the installation requirements for fixed fire protection installations – specifically pumpset systems. Another important document to reference for maintenance of these systems is Australian Standard AS1851-2012, a routine service of fire protection systems and equipment.

Common applications for single electric/diesel fire pumps include small and medium-sized buildings or facilities, typically ones that can rely on a dependable and consistent electricity supply. By adhering to these standards, these buildings are more likely to ensure the effectiveness of their fire pumps and offer crucial protection against potential fire hazards.

Dual Electric/Diesel Fire Pumps: Ensuring Redundant Safety

When it comes to assessing the value of fire protection systems, dual electric/diesel fire pumps rise to the top as some of the most reliable options. These fire pumps are unique for their dual powering approach – they can be powered by both diesel and electricity. This dual-source configuration creates a fail-safe system, providing crucial redundancy. If one power source fails, the other can seamlessly step in to keep the fire pump operational.

This high degree of reliability makes dual electric/diesel fire pumps an excellent choice for safeguarding properties against potential fire damage. However, these pumps do require a larger initial investment compared to single-source fire pumps and require more consistent and comprehensive maintenance. This upkeep ensures that both power systems are operating optimally and are ready to activate when needed.

In Australia, the installation and maintenance of dual electric/diesel fire pumps should adhere to the Australian Standard AS2941-2013 and AS1851-2012 respectively. The first standard pertains to fixed fire protection installations with a focus on pumpset systems. The latter refers to routine servicing of fire protection systems and equipment. These regulations act as a comprehensive guide to ensuring your fire pump performs correctly during those critical moments.

Typically, the dual electric/diesel fire pumps are utilised in larger facilities, institutions, and industrial applications. These venues generally require an uninterrupted water supply for firefighting purposes, making such settings particularly suited to these highly reliable fire pumps. In essence, when protecting larger properties, the dual electric/diesel fire pump serves as a robust safety investment that significantly reduces fire risk.

Vertical Turbine Fire Pump Sets: Accessing Deep Water Sources

Vertical turbine fire pump sets differentiate themselves from other fire pumps by being specifically engineered to extract water from deep sources, such as reservoirs or wells. These fire pump systems offer a solution for facilities that rely on underground water sources to meet their fire protection needs.

The primary advantage of vertical turbine fire pump sets is their proficiency in accessing water from deep sources and their adaptability to variable water levels. These unique capabilities make them an appealing choice for buildings or complexes with available underground water sources. However, the installation process for these pump sets can be more intricate and may come with higher costs when compared to traditional fire pumps.

In Australia, AS2941-2013, which addresses fixed fire protection installations, specifically pumpset systems, should be observed for vertical turbine fire pump systems’ installation. For maintenance purposes, the Australian Standard AS1851-2012 offers crucial guidelines on the routine servicing of fire protection systems and equipment. Adhering to these regulations ensures proper installation, optimal performance, and safety compliance for effective fire prevention.

Vertical turbine fire pump sets are often employed in facilities where traditional city water supplies are not viable, or where underground water sources are readily accessible. By harnessing these deep water reserves, vertical turbine fire pumps ensure continuous and reliable water supply for fire protection systems, reducing fire risk and associated damages.

Fire Jacking Pump Sets: Automation for Consistent Pressure

Fire jacking pump sets are specialised systems uniquely engineered to sustain pressure within a fire protection system. These units are designed to automatically spring into action when the pressure within the system decreases beyond a predefined limit. The instant response ensures that the system pressure remains constant, helping to maintain an efficient fire protection service.

Operating automatically, these pump sets offer a level of convenience by eliminating the need for manual activation in the event of a fire. However, this automation adds complexity, which necessitates consistent and professional maintenance to ensure peak performance at all times.

In Australia, these fire jacking pump sets should be installed in accordance with fixed fire protection installation specifications outlined in the Australian Standard AS2941-2013. When it comes to maintenance, these units should be serviced following the routine service guidelines specified in the Australian Standard AS1851-2012. These standards are key to ensuring the effectiveness and longevity of fire jacking pump sets, providing professional guidelines for installation and maintenance procedures.

Typically, you’ll discover these specialised fire pump sets employed in high-rise buildings or large commercial premises where a consistent water supply at an adequate pressure is crucial for fire protection. By ensuring a stable pressure within the firefighting system, fire jacking pump sets offer an additional layer of protection to large and high-rise structures, enhancing the overall safety of these often-crowded environments.

Pump Set Accessories: Optimising Fire Pump System Performance

Fire pump sets, while powerful machines on their own, rely on a suite of accessories to maximise their function and efficiency. From controllers that manage pump operation, gauges that monitor system pressure to valves that regulate water flow, these accessories play a significant role in optimising a fire pump system’s performance and longevity.


Controllers are electronic or mechanical devices that manage the fire pump’s operation. They are tasked with detecting a drop in pressure and consequently activating the pump. Essentially, they serve as the brain of the pump set, initiating critical actions when necessary to maintain the safety of a facility.
Resource: “Variable Speed Controllers”

In Australia, the quality standards relevant to controllers used in fire pump systems are given in the Australian Standard AS 2941-2013. This particular standard provides designers, manufacturers, installers, and testers with minimum requirements for the design, manufacturing, installation, commissioning, and testing of fire pump sets.

AS 2941-2013 clearly outlines the performance requirements for fire pump controllers, which include the capabilities to monitor the pressure in the system, identify a drop, and initiate the pump’s operation promptly. This standard offers comprehensive guidelines on every aspect of fire pump controllers, from their technical specifications and installation procedures to their regular testing and maintenance

For reliable fire protection, it is of utmost importance to ensure that the fire pump controller used meets the requirements set out in AS 2941-2013. Using a controller that complies with this standard will help ensure the overall safety and effectiveness of the fire pump system.


Gauges provide real-time readings of the system’s pressure, a vital parameter in fire protection systems. They allow for regular monitoring, ensuring that the system is ready to respond when called upon. Pressure gauges are typically simple, analog devices that offer a reliable, low-tech solution for system monitoring.

In Australia, the quality standards relevant to pressure gauges in fire protection systems are outlined in AS 1349-1986, which focuses on Bourdon tube pressure and vacuum gauges. This Australian Standard was prepared by Committee MS/33, Pressure, and Vacuum Gauges, and it pertains specifically to Bourdon tube technology commonly used in pressure gauges.

When selecting a pressure gauge, the pressure range (kPa) is important because accuracy is best between the 10 and 2 o’clock position on the gauge dial. It is recommended to choose a gauge with a range that is about twice the normal operating pressure to ensure accurate readings.


Valves play a crucial role in managing and directing the flow of water within the system. They may be manually or automatically operated and are essential in both regular system operation and maintenance tasks.

In Australia, pump set accessories should be installed and maintained according to Australian Standards AS2941-2013 guides the installation of fire pump set accessories, while AS1851-2012 applies to their regular servicing. Compliance with these standards ensures the correct installation and functioning of pump set accessories, enhancing the overall effectiveness and lifespan of the fire pump system.

In Australia, the quality standards applicable to valves in fire protection systems are detailed in several Australian Standards, including but not limited to AS 1271-2003, AS 5081, ASME B16.34, and API 598.

AS 1271-2003 is a standard that covers safety valves and other valves, including regulations for handling liquid levels.

AS 5081 provides specific material requirements and performance tests for metallic-bodied, hydraulically operated automatic control valves. It outlines default compliance requirements for manufacturers and certification bodies.

ASME B16.34 is the standard in which steel valve pressure/temperature ratings are specified. It also includes additional valve specification data, including nondestructive examination procedures.

API 598 covers the inspection, examination, and testing of valves. It specifies the testing methods to be used to check for leakage through the valve seat and includes hydrostatic and pneumatic test methods.

Remember, while seemingly minor, these accessories are integral components of a fire pump system. They work in synergy to ensure the system’s efficient and reliable performance, a key aspect of any building’s fire protection strategy. Proper installation and regular maintenance of these accessories are aspects that must not be overlooked in maintaining a dependable fire protection system.

ESFR Sprinkler Pump Systems: Mitigating High-Challenge Fire Hazards

Early Suppression Fast Response (ESFR) sprinkler pump systems are specifically engineered to handle high-challenge fire hazards. They are designed to suppress fires rapidly, curbing the dissemination of heat and smoke, thereby reducing potential damage. Additionally, the ESFR system seeks to not only control but extinguish fires, offering superior fire suppression compared to general sprinkler systems.

Despite their exceptional fire suppression capabilities, ESFR systems come with higher installation costs and a need for significant floor space. As a result, they are often reserved for use in environments that present unique fire hazard challenges, such as warehouses and high-rack storage facilities.

Relevant Australian Standards for Installation and Maintenance

In Australia, the installation, testing, and maintenance of sprinkler systems, including ESFR systems, are governed by numerous Australian Standards. The principal standards include:

  • AS 2118.1-2017: This standard provides specifications for automatic fire sprinkler systems. It covers aspects including system design, installation, and maintenance. It also details standards for various types of sprinkler systems, including ESFR systems
  • AS 2118.3-2001: This specification pertains to the requirements for deluge fire sprinkler systems. It defines the minimum requirements for design, installation, and maintenance of these systems.
  • AS 1851-2012: This standard furnishes guidelines for routine service of fire protection systems and equipment, including ESFR systems. Regular inspection and maintenance are crucial for ensuring that these systems are always ready to respond effectively in the event of a fire.

It’s paramount to comply with these Australian Standards to ensure the effectiveness and reliability of an ESFR sprinkler pump system. They provide professional guidelines for the installation and maintenance procedures, thereby ensuring optimal performance and a high standard of fire safety.

Cold Water Booster Pumps: Enhancing Water Pressure in Fire Protection Systems

Cold water booster pumps play a critical role in heightening the pressure of the incoming cold water supply to a fire system, particularly in buildings with inadequate mains water pressure. Since low pressure could impede the fire system’s effectiveness, booster pumps can significantly improve fire protection capabilities.

These pumps, however, bear additional costs in terms of both energy consumption and maintenance. They are most commonly utilized in regions or structures plagued with persistently low water pressure.

Relevant Australian Standards for Installation and Maintenance

In Australia, the following standards and guidelines detail best practices for the installation, operation, and maintenance of cold water booster pumps used in fire protection systems:

  • AS 2419.1 – 2005: This standard establishes the requirements for fire hydrant installations, including those that use cold water booster pumps. It covers the design, installation, operation, and maintenance of fire hydrants and provides specifications for their components, such as booster pumps.
  • AS/NZS 3500.1 – 2018: This standard regulates plumbing and drainage for water services, which encompass cold water booster pumps. It outlines design, installation, and maintenance requirements for water supply systems intending to ensure adequate water pressure for fire protection and other purposes.
  • AS 1851-2012: AS 1851 is the Australian Standard that sets forth guidelines for the routine servicing of fire protection systems and equipment, including cold water booster pumps. Routine maintenance and inspections are crucial to ensure that the booster pumps perform optimally when they are needed.

To guarantee the efficiency and effectiveness of cold water booster pumps in fire protection systems, adherence to these Australian Standards is essential. Compliance with these standards ensures proper installation, operation, and regular maintenance, fostering satisfactory performance and fire safety.

Embrace a Safer Tomorrow with Complete Fire and Pumps

Ultimately, the choice of a suitable fire pump goes way beyond merely adhering to regulatory norms. The true essence of investing in a reliable fire pump lies in the richer dividends it pays – safeguarding life and property. That’s why regular maintenance and inspections are crucial to keeping these systems performing at their peak.

With Complete Fire and Pumps, you’re not just investing in a fire pump, but in a commitment to safety and resilience. We uphold the highest standards of service to not only meet but exceed your fire safety expectations.

In the face of potential fire hazards, don’t compromise. Trust us to help ensure your fire pump systems are always at their optimal best, offering unparalleled safeguarding for your property and the people within it.

Don’t wait; remember, safety delayed is safety denied. Get in touch with Complete Fire and Pumps today for an unremitting commitment to fire safety!

Wishing you a safe and protected future,

Alex 🧯

Connect, Evaluate, Protect

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