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Know Your Fire Classifications, It Can Save Your Life.

The Source of All Fires

Do you know your fire classifications? You should, as it can save your life. There are 3 ingredients necessary to make a fire. These are: a source of heat or ambient temperature, combustible or flammable material and an oxygen rich environment. Without going further into the chemistry, it is sufficient to know that absence of any one of the three ingredients will not trigger a fire.

Fire has become an integral part of our life. We need it for cooking food, generating warmth and for causing a propulsion to run various types of engines. Unsafe conditions and unsafe acts may cause the hazard from being minor to becoming disastrous. It may cause loss of life and property. 

Classification Types

Different countries have classified fire types into 4 to 6 major categories namely:

Class A: Solid such as paper, wood, plastic etc.

Class B: Flammable liquids such as paraffin, petrol, oil etc.

Class C: Flammable gases such as propane, butane, methane etc.

Class D: Metals such as Aluminum, Magnesium, Titanium etc.

Class E: Fire involving electrical apparatus.

Class F: Cooking oil & fats etc.

There are several types of fire extinguishers to control and contain a fire of different classes as mentioned above. Water fire extinguishing apparatus and sand are used for class ‘A’ type fires. The foam type apparatus is used for class ‘A’ and B. Dry powder type fire extinguishers are used for class A, B and C types. Carbon Dioxide fire extinguishers are used for class B & E. Class D fire involving combustible metals needs special agents like Potassium, Sodium in the extinguishing apparatus to kill the fire.

Assessment is Key

Assessment of a fire load decides the placement of different type and quantity of extinguishers in an establishment. Classification of different types of fire helps in such placement. It helps fire fighting tenders to forward appropriate fighting capability to the place of the incident.

It is advised that to be able to adequately meet your fire safety obligations, you need to engage a reliable fire consultant specialist. At Complete Fire and Pumps we have the expertise to advise on your compliance requirements and give you peace of mind.  

Yours In Fire Safety


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