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Do you know the difference between fire protection and fire suppression?

There are many misconceptions when it comes to fire safety and these relate to the differences between fire protection and fire suppression. Fire protection includes such things as fire doors, insulation & fire-rated glass etc. whereas fire suppression systems can include automatic sprinkler systems & portable extinguishers etc. If a fire breaks out and the fire protection systems are used, this will prevent the direct damage that a fire would normally cause. However, should a fire break out and there is no protection in effect, the results could be devastating for your home or business.

What is Fire Protection?

Fire protection systems play an important role in keeping building occupants, assets, and the building safe.

Fire protection is the study and practice of mitigating the unwanted effects of potentially destructive fires. In the event of fire emergencies, firefighters, fire investigators, and other fire prevention personnel are called to mitigate, investigate and learn from the damage of a fire. Fire protection systems play an important role in keeping building occupants, assets, and the building safe.

Fire protection experts strive to develop innovative solutions to prevent or minimise the effects of fires on people, buildings and property. These professionals often work in conjunction with architects and engineers to ensure that buildings are designed with fire safety in mind. They may also work with local government officials to help enforce fire safety regulations within their communities or even within entire countries.

Emergency lighting systems are important for any building that needs to be evacuated in the event of fire, power outage, or other emergency. These lights can be installed anywhere in a building and are generally used to point toward emergency exits for assistance in case of evacuation and allow for a fast get-away. Emergency lights are also used in lifts and other places which should be avoided in case of a fire.

Also read: “Why emergency lighting is crucial for commercial buildings”

What is Fire Suppression?

The fire suppression system is a range of devices and equipment used to extinguish fires. Fire suppression systems are a part of fire protection systems. It is a device that is used for putting out small fires in the case of an emergency, as well as preventing small fires from becoming large ones.

Fire suppression systems can be divided into two types: automatic and manual. Automatic fire suppression systems are those that use an automatic detection system to detect when a fire has started, while manual systems rely on human intervention to detect that there is a problem and then activate their own systems. These systems include:

Fire Alarm Systems

Fire alarms are extremely reliable instruments that raise an alarm in case of a fire. They even use state-of the-art technology to detect fires. As soon as a fire is detected by the built in (or in some cases, a separate) fire detector, an alarm goes off as a warning to evacuate the building. Fire alarms can be either manual or automatic. In the case of manual fire alarms, they are triggered manually by pressing a button or pulling on a cord attached to it. Automatic fire alarms are connected to smoke detectors and heat sensors which trigger them when they sense any smoke or heat around them. Fire alarms are designed to give you enough time to leave your house safely in case there is a fire that could cause harm to your life or property. This is why they are usually found near exits so that you can easily escape from your house without having trouble reaching for one during an emergency situation.

Gaseous Suppression Systems

Consist of a wide variety of tools to suppress a fire. The two broad categories are Chemical suppression systems and Inert Gas suppression systems. These systems include:

Chemical fire suppression

The use of chemical agents like FM200 and NOVEC 1230. These chemicals extinguish a fire by absorbing the heat so that the temperature falls and the flame can no longer survive, which extinguishes the fire. This method of suppression is safe to use in most areas and circumstances.

Inert gaseous fire suppression systems

Are the preferred method of fire suppression. They use inert gases such as Nitrogen, Argon, Inergen, Argonite and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) to reduce the oxygen levels in a room to below 15% so that a fire cannot survive. They maintain optimum oxygen levels for humans and animals to survive but not enough for the flame to spread.

Water Sprinkler Systems:

The most common type of sprinkler system is the standard water sprinkler. These systems are used in a variety of applications, from residential homes to large industrial facilities. They are also known as fixed-head systems because they use a fixed spray nozzle that sprays an even amount of water across an area.

When it comes to choosing a fire sprinkler system, there are several factors you’ll want to consider:

– The intended use of the space (residential or commercial)

– The size and layout of the space being protected

– The location (inside or out)

HPWM Systems

HPWM systems are a type of high-pressure misting system that uses pressurised water, nitrogen and high-pressure pumps to create the mist. The system works by storing pressurised water in tanks, then releasing it through tiny nozzles at very high pressure. This creates a fine spray of water that evaporates quickly into droplets, which are then broken down further into very small particles by the force of the nitrogen and pump.

The main advantage of this system is that it doesn’t require any significant amounts of water to work effectively; even if you’re using large amounts of water, there’s no need for hoses or sprinklers because the amount used per application is minimal and can be easily recovered through drainage systems or collected in shallow ponds or containers. One disadvantage however is that these systems are more expensive than other misting systems like fogging units because they require additional equipment such as storage tanks and nitrogen cylinders.

LPWM Systems

Low Pressure Water Mist Systems (LPWM) consist of pumps and storage tanks, which use more water at a lower pressure than HPWM systems. Copper or specialist pipe work can be used for this type of fire suppression system.

LPWM systems are ideal for areas where there is a high risk of freezing or corrosion, as they do not use acidic mediums such as soda or potassium carbonate. They are also suitable for areas where there is a danger of damage to sensitive equipment or structures due to the higher pressure required in HPWM systems.

Learning about fire protection and the difference between fire suppression and fire protection is crucial to helping people make the right decision for their buildings. For example, fire suppression will only retard a fire’s growth, where fire protection measures remain in place over time to prevent fires from spreading or reoccurring.

Need help to identify your obligations towards fire safety for your business? Contact one of our expert team today!!

Dedicated to your fire safety 

Alex

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