Fire Pump Q/A’s
If you own or manage a building, whether it’s residential or commercial, in Australia, you must have fire protection systems in place.
The National Construction Code (NCC) requires that buildings be constructed with fire protection measures. These include the installation of automatic fire sprinkler systems, smoke detectors, and alarms. The ABCB also requires that the provision of emergency lighting and exit signs be included in all building plans.
If you are planning on renovating your home or business premises, you should make sure that all renovations comply with ABCB regulations. Failure to do so could result in fines or other penalties if your property is found to violate these regulations.
A critical component of any fire protection system is the heart or the fire pump.
A fire pump is a device that pulls water from a source and pushes it to where it’s needed. Fire pumps can be used to supply water to a sprinkler system, or they can be used to supply water directly to firefighters on the scene of a fire.
Fire pumps can be used for many different purposes, but all of them are focused on one thing: getting water where it needs to go in order to put out the fire. For instance, if you had a sprinkler system in place at your house (which is highly recommended), then your fire pump would be responsible for making sure that your sprinkler system has enough water pressure and flow rate to put out any fires that occur within your home.
If you’re not using a sprinkler system, then your fire pump might be responsible for supplying water directly to firefighters on site at an emergency situation like a house fire—you never know when someone will need help saving their home!
- What is a redundant fire pump?
- Are redundant fire pumps a legal requirement in Australia?
- Why is the centrifugal pump the most common fire pump?
A redundant fire pump is a backup system that can be used to provide water to a fire sprinkler system in the event that the primary pump fails.
The redundant pump is connected to both the main power supply and the primary pump. If the primary pump fails, it can be turned on automatically by switching over to the secondary power source. The redundant system will then provide water to the sprinklers until repair teams can arrive and repair or replace the failed equipment.
Redundant systems are usually found in high-rise buildings or other large structures where there is a great deal of risk involved with having an entire building’s fire protection system fail.
In Australia, redundant fire pumps are not a legal requirement. However, they are recommended by the Australian Standard AS1851:2014 – Water Supplies for Buildings. The standard provides a number of guidelines for building owners on how to prevent or mitigate the effects of fire. One of these is to install redundant fire pumps, which provide an additional water supply in the event that one pump fails.
This can be particularly important in high-rise buildings and other structures where access may be difficult and there is little time for occupants to escape once a fire has started. The guidelines also recommend installing sprinkler systems, fire alarm systems, smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors in order to help detect fires early and alert building occupants if one does occur.
The centrifugal pump is the most common fire pump because of its ability to move large quantities of water quickly. In addition to that, it is very durable, which makes it a smart investment for any fire protection system.
The centrifugal pump works by spinning a wheel or impeller inside a pipe. As the wheel turns, it pulls water from the bottom of the pipe up into a center chamber and shoots it out through an outlet at high speed. The centrifugal pump can move as much as 10 times more water than an axial flow pump per minute. This makes it ideal for fighting fires in large buildings where there may be many floors and many rooms filled with water.
It’s also more efficient than other types of pumps because its design doesn’t require much energy to operate. Because of this efficiency combined with its large capacity, it’s also relatively affordable compared to other types of pumps on the market today!
- What does a fire pump test include?
- What happens if I miss my fire pump test?
- How often should an electric fire pump be inspected and tested and for how long should it run during testing?
AS 2941:2013 sets out the requirements for pump set systems used in various types of fire protection systems such as sprinkler,hydrant, water spray and hose reel systems. The standard provides designers, manufacturers, installers and testers with minimum requirements for the design, manufacture, installation, commissioning and testing of fire pump sets including acceptance testing of electrical and compression-ignition drives.
The standard applies to:
– all new installations;
– all modifications to existing installations;
– parts of existing installations that are replaced during maintenance;
– all new products being supplied by manufacturers to installers or users; and
– products being supplied by installers or users directly to end users.
1. Pre-test inspection: This is an inspection that is conducted before the pump is used. It involves checking that the equipment has been installed correctly and that it’s safe to use, as well as ensuring that all documentation is up-to-date and accurate.
2. Operational inspection: This is an inspection that should be conducted at least once every six months, or before any major service or maintenance work is done on the pump. It involves checking that all filters are clean and in good condition, as well as inspecting all electrical connections.
3. Functional test: This test is carried out regularly throughout the year to ensure that each pump continues to function properly and meets AS2941 – 2013
No legislation or regulation prescribes that AS 1851 must be used. However regulation does require that essential fire safety measures to be maintained to a standard no less than that specified in the fire safety schedule (A Fire Safety Schedule (FSS) is a detailed list of the fire safety measures applicable to a building that forms the basis of the Annual Fire Safety Statement (AFSS) or when originally designed and implemented.
If the owner has not complied with the requirements of the schedule, then they will be liable for any injuries or damage caused by their failure to comply with the relevant provisions of the schedule.
The owner may also be liable if they fail to conduct regular maintenance on their fire pump system and it fails as a result. The owner may also be liable for any injury or damage caused by their failure to comply with other relevant requirements of the schedule such as ensuring that there are adequate staff trained in emergency procedures such as evacuations and firefighting if required.
AS1851 standard is a set of minimum requirements for the design, installation and inspection of electric fire pumps. You must also comply to AS2941 – 2013 Fixed Fire Protection Installations – Pumpset Systems
The section on testing states that:
“Electric fire pumps shall be tested and inspected by a competent person at least once every six months.”
The section on testing also states that:
“The test shall consist of a visual inspection to ensure all components are in good condition and working order. The pump should be operated at full load for at least 30 minutes.”
- What should I do to my fire pump between tests to keep it in good shape?
- How do you a basic test for a diesel fire pump?
- What costs are associated with fire pump testing for my business?
Maintaining a fire pump is just like maintaining any other piece of machinery. You need to keep it clean and lubricated to ensure that it runs smoothly and safely.
Inspect the pump regularly for signs of wear, including loose connections, cracks or leaks in the hoses, damaged or missing parts, or unusual noises when the pump is running.
Make sure that you know how to operate the pump before you use it. If necessary, ask someone who has experience using it to show you how everything works so that you can become familiar with its operation.
Keep the area around the pump clear of debris and grease buildup. This will help prevent accidents and ensure that your fire pump remains in good working order for as long as possible.
Testing a diesel fire pump is an important part of maintenance and upkeep, as it can help you catch any problems before they become serious. It must be carried out to comply with AS2941 -2013 Here are some tips for testing a diesel fire pump:
-Make sure that the engine is fully warmed up before starting the test. This will allow you to get the most accurate results from your tests.
-Start with a visual inspection. Look around the engine and check for any signs of leaking oil or other fluids. If there are any leaks, fix them before continuing with the rest of your tests to avoid damaging your pump further.
-Check for loose or missing bolts on the engine’s parts, which may indicate that something has come loose and could fall off while driving down the road. Check all bolts thoroughly before continuing with testing.
-Do a basic check of all gauges and indicators on the dashboard, looking for any signs that they aren’t working properly (such as low fuel levels or overheating). If anything seems out of place here, take this as an indication that there may be something wrong with your engine in general, so be sure to check carefully for other problems before continuing with testing!
There are several costs associated with testing your diesel or electric fire pump. The first is the cost of the test itself. The second is the cost of any repairs that may be necessary after the test, and the third is potential fines if your pump fails to pass its annual test.
The cost of testing depends on several factors, including where you live, how quickly you need it done, and what type of equipment you have (e.g., a large water tank or a small one). If you need help determining these costs, speak with an expert.
If your pump fails its test, there are two possible outcomes: either it will need to be repaired or replaced entirely. This can be costly depending on how much work needs to be done. Additionally, if your pump fails its annual test three times within five years, you may be required by law to replace it entirely with a new one instead of repairing it again so as not to put yourself at risk for fines or other penalties down the road if another failure occurs after a repair attempt was made on an old unit that wasn’t working properly before (e.g., due to age).
If you require any advice or clarification, to these or other fire protection related questions, please call our 24/7 Hotline..
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