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Fire Hydrant Audits in 2023: Safety & Compliance

The ‘Why’ of Fire Hydrant Audits in Australia

Welcome to the comprehensive guide on fire hydrant auditing and reporting in Australia. As pivotal components of our public safety infrastructure, fire hydrants play a critical role. Ensuring these hydrants stand ready for action requires periodical auditing and systematic reporting. Let’s delve into this process geared towards maintaining public safety and compliance with national, state, and local regulations.

Understanding Fire Hydrant Auditing

Fire hydrant auditing is a crucial process that safeguards our communities by ensuring that fire hydrants function effectively and efficiently during emergencies. This procedure involves a thorough examination and testing of hydrants by qualified and experienced technicians to certify that they are in optimal working condition and prepared for action when needed.

Components of a Fire Hydrant Audit

Fire hydrant audits are typically composed of several essential steps, which include:

  1. Visual Inspection: The technicians will first conduct a visual assessment of the exterior of the hydrant to identify any obvious signs of damage, corrosion, or obstruction that could hinder operation. They will also ensure that the hydrant is easily accessible for firefighters and free from vegetation or other obstacles.
  2. Operational Testing: To verify the correct functioning of the hydrant, technicians will perform a series of operational tests. These assessments may include checking the hydrant’s opening and closing mechanisms, verifying the smooth operation of caps and nozzles, inspecting the water pressure, and assessing the flow rate.
  3. Maintenance Evaluation: During the auditing process, technicians will evaluate the hydrant’s maintenance history to determine if it has been adequately serviced and maintained. Regular maintenance is crucial to keep the hydrant functioning at its best, as it helps identify potential issues and prevent breakdowns from occurring in the future.
  4. Regulatory Compliance: Fire hydrant audits also encompass a review of each hydrant’s compliance with local, state, and national regulations and standards. This step is critical in ensuring that hydrants meet the required legal specifications and safety guidelines for fire protection.
  5. Final Inspection and Recommendations: Upon completion of the audit, technicians will prepare a detailed report outlining the hydrant’s current condition, test results, and any identified issues or concerns. Recommendations for corrective actions, maintenance, or upgrades will be provided, if necessary, to ensure that the hydrant continues to perform at its optimal level and complies with regulatory requirements.

The Importance of Fire Hydrant Auditing

Regular fire hydrant auditing offers several significant benefits, including:

  • Ensuring Public Safety: By guaranteeing that fire hydrants are functioning correctly and capable of providing an adequate water supply during emergencies, auditing contributes to enhanced public safety and the protection of lives and property.
  • Maintaining Regulatory Compliance: As different governing bodies establish specific standards for the design, installation, and maintenance of fire hydrants, audits ensure hydrants consistently meet the required guidelines across jurisdictions.
  • Maximizing Operational Efficiency: Through timely detection and correction of hydrant issues, fire hydrant audits work to optimize hydrant performance, preventing breakdowns or inefficiencies during emergencies.
  • Prolonging Hydrant Lifespan: Regular audits and maintenance address potential issues before they escalate into severe problems, leading to increased hydrant longevity and reduced replacement costs.

Legislative Framework for Fire Hydrant Auditing in Australia

In Australia, there is a comprehensive legislative framework that governs the auditing and reporting of fire hydrants. This framework, formulated at both national and local levels, is vital in ensuring the standard maintenance of these critical devices that form an integral part of our firefighting infrastructure.

At the national level, the auditing process is influenced by Australia’s National Audit Office (ANAO) standardsANAO. The ANAO’s legislative instruments guide the conduction and compliance of audits across the country. They reflect the Auditor-General’s commitment to setting auditing standards that underscore the significance of adhering to fire hydrant maintenance procedures and auditing regulations.
Also under the national legislative framework, Australia’s Building Code or NCC (National Construction Code) sets the primary standards for the construction of buildings, including the implementation and maintenance of fire safety systems such as fire hydrants.

The Standards Australia, AS 2419.1-2005, ‘Fire hydrant installations System design, installation and commissioning is a significant standard relating to the installation and maintenance of fire hydrants in Australia. The standard provides comprehensive guidance on the design, setting, and commissioning of fire hydrant systems, which significantly impacts audit procedures.
Australian Standard AS1851-2012 routine service of fire protection systems and equipment, outlines the requirements for inspection, testing, and maintenance of fire hydrants. 

State level requirements also contribute to the legislative framework. For instance, Victoria’s Plumbing Regulations 2018 define Fire Protection work and necessitate the maintenance, testing, and inspection of fire equipmentVBA. This implies that fire hydrant auditing forms part of this broader regulatory scope.

Moreover, specific standards such as AS 2419.1 2021 – Fire hydrant installations – System design, installation and commissioning also dictate the positioning and specification of reticulated hydrant systems in QueenslandQFES. This standard provides a minimum criterion for hydrant intervals, thereby influencing the auditing process.

Compliance to these national and state regulations and standards helps assure that Australia’s fire hydrants are optimally operational and reliable during emergenciesNSWF. Non-compliance may lead to penalties and legal repercussions, underscoring the importance of incorporating the legislative framework in fire hydrant auditing and reporting.

The legislative framework for fire hydrant auditing in Australia underscores the importance of preventative maintenance and the role of procedural standards in taking care of our firefighting infrastructure. It is essential to ensure strict compliance with these regulations, as they contribute to ensuring the safety and welfare of the community.

  1. Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) Auditing Standards
  2. Fire Protection Work under Part 4 of the Plumbing Regulations 2018
  3. Queensland Fire and Emergency Services
  4. Fire and Rescue NSW

The Auditing Process for Fire Hydrants

The auditing process for fire hydrants involves a comprehensive approach to ensure that firefighting infrastructure operates effectively and meets necessary regulations. The process consists of three fundamental stages: preparation, inspection, and reporting. A detailed documentation process and precise data collection during the audit guarantee the reliability of the audit results and any ensuing recommendations.


In the preparation stage, the auditing team collects pertinent information about the fire hydrant system under examination. This may include:

  • The hydrant’s location, age, and installation details
  • Previous audit and maintenance records
  • Relevant local, state, and national regulations, standards, and guidelines
  • Identification of specific issues or concerns raised by stakeholders, such as the building or property owner, fire department, or local authorities


The inspection stage involves a thorough examination of the fire hydrant’s various aspects, which can be further divided into sub-processes:

  1. Visual Assessment: The team conducts an external evaluation of the hydrant to identify signs of damage, corrosion, or other issues that might impact its operation. They also assess accessibility and clearance from obstructions.
  2. Operational Tests: Auditors perform a series of tests to verify the functionality of the hydrant, including opening and closing mechanisms, cap and nozzle operations, water pressure, and flow rate.
  3. Maintenance Evaluation: The audit team reviews the hydrant’s maintenance history to determine if it has been adequately serviced, maintained, and complies with relevant standards and regulations.
  4. Regulatory Compliance Check: The team ensures the hydrant meets local, state, and national regulatory requirements and adheres to safety guidelines.


The reporting stage includes documenting the audit’s findings and providing recommendations for further action:

  1. Documentation: Auditors create a detailed report outlining the hydrant’s condition, test results, and any issues or concerns identified during the inspection.
  2. Corrective Actions and Recommendations: The report includes recommendations for any necessary corrective actions, maintenance, or upgrades to ensure the hydrant operates optimally and aligns with regulatory requirements.
  3. Communication: The audit team communicates the results and recommendations to the relevant stakeholders, ensuring they understand the required follow-up actions to maintain fire hydrant safety and compliance.

In summary, the auditing process for fire hydrants aims to establish a reliable, compliant, and effective firefighting infrastructure. This comprehensive approach guarantees that hydrants fulfill their purpose of safeguarding communities during emergencies and adhering to regulatory standards.

Compliance and Remedial Actions for Fire Hydrants

Following an audit, action must be taken based on the audit findings. These steps can range from essential repairs and replacements to upgrades designed to ensure compliance with the established guidelines. Continuous maintenance supplemented with regular re-auditing is equally important for preserving the operational integrity and reliability of the hydrants.

Necessary Repairs

Audit findings may reveal the need for repairs to the fire hydrant being audited. These repairs can include:

  • Fixing any leaks or malfunctions
  • Restoring corroded or damaged parts
  • Adjusting or replacing mechanisms that ensure proper water flow and pressure

The goal is to reinstate the hydrant to its full operational capacity.

Replacements and Upgrades

There are cases where repairs may either be insufficient or not cost-effective, necessitating the replacement of the entire unit. Alongside replacements, it might be prudent to consider upgrades, such as:

  • Improved models that offer enhanced performance and reliability
  • Technological advancements that allow for easier maintenance and monitoring

These replacements and upgrades ensure that fire hydrants remain up-to-date, effective, and in compliance with existing regulations.

Ongoing Maintenance

Continuous, regular maintenance is critical to preserving the optimal performance of fire hydrants. This can involve:

  • Regular cleaning to prevent silt or debris build-up
  • Lubrication of moving parts
  • Checking for and addressing leaks or other minor issues before they become major problems

Scheduled maintenance helps preempt problems, reducing the need for extensive repairs or replacements.

Regular Re-Auditing

In New South Wales (NSW), the regular auditing of fire hydrant systems falls under the requirements of Fire and Rescue NSW (FRNSW) and other regulatory bodies.
The auditing process is crucial to ensure that fire hydrant systems are operating correctly and are in compliance with Australian Standards.

Fire Hydrant Testing:

FRNSW has detailed guidelines regarding the testing of fire hydrantsFRNSW. The test generally includes a check for a pressure of 150 kPa for each fire hydrant, which needs to flow at not less than 10 l/s.

Compliance and Regulation:

The audit aims at confirming compliance with regulations defined by FRNSW and other authoritiesFRNSW. The building or premises’ owner can request inspections by FRNSW, particularly for compliance verification. Moreover, joint inspections can also be organised with the NSW Roads and Maritime Services, providing additional safeguards and meeting lease agreement conditions.

Reporting of Hydrants:

An integral part of the audit process is reportingFRNSW. If any maintenance or marking is required, it should be reported to the local fire station, council, or water authority. Communication of issues discovered during the audit process facilitates timely corrective action.

Audit findings, in line with guidance from FRNSW, can ensure appropriate remedial actions, be it repairs or replacements, setting the path for ongoing maintenance and, thus, ensuring that fire hydrant systems continue working optimallyFRNSW.

In conclusion, implementing specific steps based on audit findings, notably the essential task of being compliant with regulations and standards, directly influences the operational efficiency and reliability of fire hydrants. Maintaining their compliance status ensures that these firefighting devices are ready to perform when required.

Further required actions can be in the form of repairs, replacements, or essential upgrades. These are not merely remedial measures but form a significant part of the continued operational viability of fire hydrants. Reducing potential risks and failure rates allows these crucial pieces of infrastructure to handle emergencies effectively.

Additionally, fire hydrants require regular, ongoing maintenance and periodic re-auditing. They contribute significantly to risk reduction by identifying potential problems early on and rectifying them. Regular re-auditing helps maintain a log of progress and assess the effectiveness of previous remediation actions and changes. This crucial preventive measure ensures the long-term operational efficiency of these firefighting devices.

Above all, ensuring the smooth operation of fire hydrants is a collective responsibility shared by us all, and we at Complete Fire and Pumps continue to work towards that goal, maintaining the highest standard of service and commitment to safety.

If there are any queries about your fire hydrant system, its auditing process, or the steps to follow once an audit is completed, please do not hesitate to get in touch or visit are webpage: “Fire Hydrant Design amd Install”  We are here to ensure the effectiveness of your firefighting measures, and we do so with a comprehensive package of services that cover every aspect, from installation to maintenance and auditing.

Stay safe,



  1. Fire Hydrant Testing – FRNSW
  2. Compliance and regulation – FRNSW
  3. Reporting hydrants – FRNSW
  4. Existing buildings-Fire hydrant concession – FRNSW
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