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You are currently viewing 2023 Round-Up: Trends and Standards in Australian Fire Extinguisher Systems

2023 Round-Up: Trends and Standards in Australian Fire Extinguisher Systems

As we approach the last half of 2023, it’s essential to review and understand how fire extinguisher systems in Australia have evolved throughout the year. The ongoing commitment to fire safety is imperative for both residential and commercial properties. In this blog post, we will discuss the latest trends, legislative changes, and Australian Standards that have affected fire extinguisher systems and share ways these changes may impact the future of fire safety.

Legislative Changes in 2023

This year, the Australian government has taken significant steps to strengthen fire safety regulations and ensure that property owners adhere to more comprehensive fire safety practices. Some key legislative changes in 2023 include:

  1. Increased penalties for non-compliance: With the rising concern for fire safety, property owners who do not maintain and comply with fire safety standards now face increased fines and penalties to ensure adherence to regulations:The enforcement of updated fire safety regulations has become stricter in 2023, with increased penalties being imposed for failure to comply with fire safety standards.
    This includes substantial fines for property owners who fail to maintain, inspect, and update their fire safety equipment as per the guidelines.
    The harsher penalties serve a dual purpose – they act as a deterrent for non-compliance and underline the government’s commitment to maintaining high fire safety standards.
    In essence, these increased penalties are an assertion of the seriousness of maintaining compliance with fire safety regulations and the gravity of failing to do so.
  2. Enhanced inspection requirements: In 2023, authorities have introduced more frequent and thorough inspection programs for residential and commercial properties. The aim of these inspections is to identify any areas of non-compliance to prevent fire hazards and misconceptions about fire safety.In addition to strengthening punitive measures for non-compliance, authorities have introduced more comprehensive inspection programs for both residential and commercial properties. These programs have increased the frequency of required inspections and have also expanded the scope of the inspection process.
    The aim of these enhanced inspection requirements is not only to identify areas of non-compliance but also to provide property owners with further insights into potential fire hazards that they may have overlooked.
    Furthermore, these inspections seek to dispel common misconceptions about fire safety and promote a thorough understanding of fire risks and prevention methods.
    More rigorous inspections ensure that building proprietors are aware of their responsibilities in maintaining fire safety standards, and further guide them in understanding the potential threat of non-compliance.
  3. Updated fire extinguisher requirements:One of the most direct changes in the 2023 fire safety legislation relates to requirements for portable fire extinguishers. The recent amendments demand suitable extinguishers with a minimum performance specification of 2A:40B:E to be present and readily available in commercial properties and residences.
    The ratings 2A:40B:E refer to the potency of the extinguisher, with 2A effective against standard class A fires (such as wood and paper), 40B meaning it can combat flammable liquids, and E denoting its use against electrical equipment.
    Moreover, where specialized hazards exist, higher rated extinguishers are required. These new specifications strive to ensure that property owners are better prepared to react effectively in case of a fire emergency, thereby increasing the overall level of fire safety.
    By understanding these legislative changes, property owners and fire safety managers can make informed decisions to ensure compliance and maintain a high degree of fire safety in their premises.

Australian Standards Update

Keeping in line with the legislative changes, the Australian Standards for fire safety equipment and methods have been updated to reflect the industry’s current best practices. Here are some noteworthy updates:

  1. AS 2444:2001 in 2023 – Portable fire extinguishers and fire blankets – selection and location:This reviewed standard AS 2444 emphasizes the importance of correctly matching fire extinguishers to specific risk types present in a building. For instance, water extinguishers are most effective in combating Class A fires (ordinary combustibles), while carbon dioxide extinguishers are more suitable for Class E fires (electrical equipment). This revision serves as an aid for property owners and safety officers in choosing the right kind of firefighting equipment based on the environment.
    Accompanying this is the emphasis on proper location and spacing of fire extinguishers. No longer is it just about having an extinguisher on site, but consideration must be given to its accessibility and effectiveness range. The standard recommends installing extinguishers in conspicuous and readily accessible locations, preferably along paths of travel to exits. By having clear instructions on placement, the standard optimizes extinguisher utility and safety effectiveness.
  2. AS 1851:2012 in 2023 – Routine service of fire protection systems and equipment:The standard for routine service of fire protection systems and equipment has been updated in response to the growing industry knowledge and expectations surrounding regular servicing and maintenance.

    The changes to AS 1851: 2012 in 2023 standard outlines a more frequent and comprehensive fire safety system servicing regime. This adjustment recognizes the critical role that regular inspections and preventative maintenance play in sustaining the performance of extinguishers and other fire protection systems. This could range from weekly inspections for some systems, monthly for others, and 6-monthly overhauls depending on the type and complexity of the system.

    Beyond just checking that systems are working, the scope of services has also been expanded under this revised standard. Now, service professionals are required to report any changes in the building or its occupants that might affect the system’s operation. This might include modifications in building design or changes in the function of spaces within the building.

    By increasing both the frequency and scope of routine fire safety system services, the updated AS 1851:2023 standard aims to assure consistent reliability, longevity, and effectiveness of fire protection systems throughout their lifespan. These measures provide an added layer of safety, ensuring that buildings stay protected and compliant at all times.

2023 Fire Safety Trends to Watch

Integration of Smart Technologies

The emergence and integration of smart technologies are revolutionizing fire safety equipment. These advanced systems improve efficiency, functionality, and reliability, making it easier for users to monitor and manage their fire safety devices remotely. Some highlights of smart technologies in fire safety equipment include:

  • IoT-connected extinguishers: Internet of Things (IoT) technology has led to the development of connected fire extinguishers. These smart extinguishers offer real-time status updates, allowing users to track the extinguisher’s health, pressure levels, and readiness for use. This helps to reduce the risk of device failure when needed.
  • Automated alerts and notifications: With smart fire safety equipment, users get automated alerts for critical updates like low pressure or maintenance requirements. This ensures timely action and reduces the possibility of overlooking standard maintenance procedures.
  • Remote scheduling and management: Smart technologies offer remote access to fire safety equipment, allowing users to schedule inspections and maintenance without hassle. This results in more efficient management of fire safety devices, reducing the risk of neglecting essential inspections and upkeep.

Focus on Sustainability

As environmental concerns gain prominence, the fire safety industry is responding to the growing demand for sustainable solutions. Environmentally friendly extinguishing agents are becoming increasingly popular due to their relatively lower environmental impact while still being highly effective. Some examples of these sustainable fire extinguishers include:

  • Water mist extinguishers: Water mist extinguishers use a fine spray of de-ionized water to suppress fires. The droplets absorb heat, effectively extinguishing the flame without causing water damage or environmental harm.
  • Foam extinguishers: Foam extinguishers emit a biodegradable, aqueous film-forming solution that cools and smothers the fire while preventing reignition. These solutions pose a lower hazard to the environment compared to traditional chemical extinguishing agents.
  • Clean agent extinguishers: Clean agent extinguishers rely on environmentally friendly gases like HFC-227ea, which is non-toxic and ozone-friendly. These extinguishers are designed to minimize damage to delicate electronic equipment while mitigating harm to the environment.

Emphasis on Fire Safety Education

Australian authorities have initiated multiple campaigns and programs to increase public awareness and understanding of fire risks and prevention methods. Through these educational initiatives, the goal is to reduce fire incidents and save lives. Some aspects of the renewed emphasis on fire safety education include:

  • Educational workshops and webinars: Authorities collaborate with organizations to conduct fire safety workshops designed for different age groups, industries, and sectors. Interactive webinars are also offered to allow for widespread access to critical fire safety information.
  • Publication of resources: Australian authorities publish fire safety guidelines, posters, leaflets, and other informative materials to help improve public knowledge of fire safety measures. These resources are made available in a variety of formats to ensure accessibility regardless of geographical location.
  • Social media campaigns: Public safety authorities have also taken to social media platforms to spread awareness of fire risks, prevention methods, and response strategies. The utilization of social media helps reach a wider audience, especially among younger generations.

In summary, the fire safety trends in 2023 reflect advancements in technology, increased consideration for environmental impact, and a focus on public safety education. Together, these trends aim to develop an integrated and environmentally conscious approach to fire safety that empowers individuals with knowledge and awareness.


The year 2023 has seen notable changes to legislation, standards, and trends in the Australian fire safety landscape. For property owners and stakeholders involved in fire safety management, it’s essential to understand these updates and adapt accordingly. Keeping abreast of the latest information is crucial for maintaining compliance and ensuring the wellbeing of occupants in any building.

Until our next post, stay safe and remember to keep educating yourself about the evolving trends and standards in fire safety – because awareness is the first step towards prevention.

If you have any questions or need further information on any fire safety topics, feel free to reach out. I’m always here to help.

Stay fire smart!

Best regards,

Alex 🧯

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